How to store propolis? ( Top 6 Ways For Everyone) in 2022

Propolis is a natural substance collected from the buds of trees, especially poplars. It can be used to make a medicinal remedy. There are different forms of propolis that can be stored for different purposes. Let’s discuss some best ways to store propolis in our beekeeping for beginners section.

How to store propolis

Table of Contents

Propolis Production

Bees collect sticky substances from various trees and shrubs. Sometimes they can use completely unusual ingredients, such as cement. The ingredients for propolis are collected near the apiary, and the bees show extraordinary ingenuity to combine and prepare the right substance.

The color of propolis depends on the composition and can vary from yellow-brown to greenish-black. The color of propolis can be different in adjacent hives of the same apiary. This indicates that each bee family has its own propolis recipe.

It may taste slightly bitter. The smell has a specific with light shades of propolis and honey.

When heated soft, sticky. After cooling, it becomes hard and brittle.

Despite this, the properties of all propolis are the same.

Thoroughly bee propolis has not been studied by scientists. And every year new opportunities for using propolis open up.

Collection of propolis

The responsible beekeeper collects bee propolis at every hive inspection. He scrapes it off with a bee chisel from the top slats of the frame, and from the grooves of the body. It can also be collected from ceiling canvases, having previously cooled.

Preparing for the winter, the bees close up extra holes with propolis. Using this feature, beekeepers create conditions for them to collect more substances by increasing the gaps between the ceiling planks or using special gratings.

When the propolis is assembled, it must be cleaned, because it contains a certain amount of wax in its composition. To do this, put it in a cool place (refrigerator or freezer) for several hours. This makes him fragile. After cooling, it is crushed on a grater into a dusty state, and poured with cold water. All impurities float to the surface, and pure bee matter sinks to the bottom.

The floating wax is collected, the water is carefully drained. The clean bee propolis remaining in the dishes is dried. After that, it is ready for storage or processing.

6 Ways to store propolis

Propolis is stored in its pure form, or in prepared preparations. Alcohol and water tinctures, ointments, rectal and vaginal suppositories are made from it. So, how to store propolis in the form of drugs?

Ways to store propolis

store propolis as Alcohol tincture

Prepared on the basis of rectified alcohol. Use 70 or 80% alcohol. Pure medical is diluted to the desired condition.

Crushed clean bee propolis is poured with alcohol. The ratio is selected depending on the required concentration. Pharmacy tincture mixed 1×10.

They insist on two weeks. Shaken every day. The container for the concentrate should not transmit light.

The prepared infusion is filtered. Store the concentrate hermetically sealed at 18 – 25 ° from three to five years.

as Water tincture

An aqueous concentrate is used in cases where alcohol is unacceptable (for children, with intolerance to alcohol, in combination with antibiotics, etc.). Bee propolis does not lose its properties even with intense heating.

It is prepared in several ways:

1. Water is poured into a thermos (50 °), 10 grams of bee matter are poured. They insist 24 hours. Filter. Keeps in the refrigerator for seven days.

2. Cook in a steam bath. A smaller saucepan with 100 g of water and 10 g of propolis is placed in a pot of boiling water. Simmer over low heat for one hour, stirring occasionally with a wooden or glass stirrer. Cooldown a bit and filter. Keep refrigerated for 7 days.

store propolis as Ointments

Preparing 10 or 30% substance in an enamel bowl. Melt 100 g of vaseline or other animal fat, boil, cool to 55 – 60 °. Depending on the chosen concentration, we add the right amount of bee substance. The mixture is heated to 70 – 80 °. Don’t forget to stir. Keep on fire for 10 minutes. We filter in a hot state.

Ointment can be prepared on the basis of an alcohol concentrate. An alcohol tincture of the selected concentration is added to the heated fat base (vaseline, lanolin, vegetable, or animal fat). Boil.

The shelf life of propolis ointment is up to eight years. The storage location is chosen dark, cold and dry.

Propolis suppositories

The fat base is selected so that upon contact with the human body, it quickly melts and is absorbed by the body. Cocoa butter is ideal for this. If this is not available, ordinary butter (preferably homemade) butter will do.

The fatty base is melted to 40 ° in a steam-water bath, an alcoholic propolis extract of 10% is added. If there are molds, fill them in. If there is nowhere to fill in, after cooling, we form rocket-shaped candles.

You can do without alcohol extract by using pure bee propolis. Preparation is similar to the first option, only instead of the extract, we fill in the propolis crushed into a dusty state.

Candles are stored in the refrigerator or freezer. Shelf life is five years.

propolis milk

Heat ordinary milk to 80°, add dusty propolis, boil for 10-15 minutes. A 10 or 30% solution is being prepared. It is stored for a long time in the refrigerator, but does it make sense?

store pure propolis

How to store propolis in its pure form? It is better to store the bee substance in its pure form, and if necessary, use it for the preparation of various preparations.

The place to store propolis should be clean, dry, dark, and cool. The room should not be warmer than 25 °. Nearby you can not put all kinds of substances with a sharp specific smell.

So that nothing superfluous gets into the cleaned bee propolis, it should be stored in cellophane or parchment paper. After cleaning and drying, it is glued into balls, 2–4 cm in diameter, and wrapped tightly with plastic wrap or parchment paper.

The balls prepared in this way are put into glass containers or wooden boxes, and tightly closed. If the container is made of glass, it must be shaded. Daylight can adversely affect storage. The room must be well ventilated.

If propolis is stored in the refrigerator, measures must be taken to ensure its tightness. Excessive moisture can cause deterioration of the substance, and the smell of food can be transferred to the balls.

Do not put in storage and near heat sources (batteries, gas stoves, boilers). Temperature fluctuations reduce shelf life.


Propolis can be stored in such conditions for ten years, but it is better for them not to stock up for future use, but to use it while it is fresh. After all, using bee substances for prevention purposes can prevent many diseases.