Best Method of Honey Bee Breeding For Beginners (With Pros)

Honey Bee Breeding at home for beginner beekeepers is not only hard work but also a very profitable business. Of course, in order to achieve serious results in this matter, it is necessary to carefully understand the theoretical part of this work: to obtain the necessary knowledge about these hardworking insects, learn the basic rules for caring for them, and understand how to breed striped workers most effectively. That is what we will talk about in this article.

Honey Bee Breeding For Beginners

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Honey Bee Breeding as business for beginners

If you decide to open your own Honey Bee Breeding business, then you, as a businessman, need to study this issue from all sides. It will require not only knowledge related to the characteristics of the life of these insects, but also economic knowledge and an understanding of doing business. Everything you need can be systematized and presented in the form of a list:

  1. Decide where to breed bees. This may be a residential area – a village or other similar area where you are surrounded by other people. Or a separate suburban area with an apiary away from the village. This is an extremely important point, since in both cases it will be necessary to work with insects in different ways.
  2. Drawing up a rough business development plan and the appropriate choice of bee breed. It is worth considering what approximate income you are targeting and how large an apiary you want to create. This also leads to the choice of bee breeds it is very important to choose one that easily adapts to your region and will work effectively.
  3. Necessary cash contributions to the business. You will have to spend money not only on the purchase of bee colonies, but also on evidence, feeders, as well as the creation of special conditions for a comfortable life of bees (in particular, if you intend to breed them in a village).
    Also, if you do not yet have an area where the apiary will be located, consider renting or buying land.
  4. Business registration. This is done when contacting the tax service: you will need to register yourself as an individual entrepreneur with an individual form of business.
    The cost of registration is approximately 500-700 rubles, but the process itself may take an unknown amount of time, so you need to do it in advance.
  5. Creation of a business plan. As with any other business, a business plan is essential. And since beekeepers often work almost alone, to a greater extent it is required personally for you.
    The business plan will clearly demonstrate the amount of deposits, the approximate benefit, as well as the payback period of your business. If you have not yet decided for sure whether it is worth opening your own apiary, then a business plan will help you make an informed decision.

Do not forget that bees can be dangerous for a beekeeper, especially a beginner. Therefore, it is necessary to acquire a protective suit in advance.

How To Properly Breed Bees?

After the organizational issues have been settled and you are completely ready to work with striped insects, you need to understand the rules for their breeding. Again, you need to start not with direct work with bees, but with some preparation. 

In general, the Honey Bee Breeding process contains several points following them is quite simple:

  • The correct location of your apiary. An interesting fact is that depending on which zone the bee houses are located in, insects can work more or less hard, get sick or stay healthy. The best place to locate, regardless of the region, is an area protected from the wind. This may be an area “hidden” by buildings or trees.
  • A good option is the location in an area with a southern slope. Here the sun will always shine sufficiently on the working space of the bees, which will create very favorable conditions for work. True, there is one “but”. If you breed insects in an area where it is constantly stuffy and hot in summer, then this arrangement will play a cruel joke with your bees. Constant stuffiness can contribute to swarming, poor performance, disease and even death. So in this climate, it is better to give preference to areas under the sun.
  • After the evidence is located correctly, you can start honey bee breeding. In the classic version, there are 2 methods for this. The first of these is the receipt of offsets. This is done at a time when the queen leaves one of the hives in early spring in favor of another, with fewer frames. In the house where there is no queen left, the bees start searching for it, and then proceed to create fistulous queen cells. At this moment, the beekeeper can form layers, using frames from different evidence for this, and on the 13th day after the creation of fistulous queen cells, place them in the formed layers.
  • You can use another method , which is called half-year division. This method is much simpler than the previous one, and its essence is as follows. The beekeeper selects the strongest and most fruitful family and then divides it into 2 equal parts. Each part is placed in different hives, which are best placed close to each other at first.
  • You may notice that with such a division, it turns out that one of the parts remains without a uterus. This is a problem that can be solved in two ways: place a new queen or wait for the bees to bring her out on their own.

Honey Bee Breeding For Beginners

This method is so specific and popular that it deserves separate consideration. If we describe it briefly, then we can say that with this breeding, the bees are kept in maximum comfort, winter in the wild, and are kept on a mesh pallet all year round. If you choose this method of breeding for yourself, then do not forget about the periodic removal of drone brood. 

The essence of this honey bee breeding is as follows:

  • Bee families are created by an artificial method, they constantly maintain a high level of health. This aspect is especially carefully regulated.
  • Care to ensure that the bees are surrounded only by honey plants and in large numbers. Beekeepers using this breeding method, sometimes even specifically during the period of honey collection, move or transport beehives to those places where the largest number of honey plants.
  • In winter, maximum comfort is provided, as the bees spend this period in the wild. After a properly organized wintering, the bees “go to work” early, so the beekeeper needs to provide them with appropriate plants during this period. If this is not done, then swarming can be provoked.
  • Constant control. During the period of honey collection, when the bees are most active, it is necessary to visit them at least once a week. The task of the beekeeper is simple: you need to remove excess honey and dead insects in time.
  • The feeding period with this method is not only wintering, but sometimes summer. Active bees may not have enough food, so watch this carefully and give honey or syrup to your wards if necessary.
  • As mentioned earlier, it is necessary to constantly destroy the drone brood. This is important for the simple reason that this brood can provoke the development of the Varroatosis disease in the evidence.

this method of honey bee breeding for beginners has a number of significant advantages. Firstly, bee colonies are always in comfortable conditions, healthy and active. Secondly, with this method, you get more honey, which is especially important when doing business. There is only one drawback here a large amount of work and the need for constant year-round monitoring.

Features Of Honey Bee Breeding At Home

For those who decide to create their own apiary in a residential area or settlement, there are special rules that must also be taken into account when Honey Bee Breeding.

  1. The location of the apiary. If there are public places in the vicinity of your site – for example, a school or a kindergarten – then you need the immediate distance to them to be at least 100 meters.
    Locate the apiary away from the road so that there are as few people or animals nearby as possible.
    It is also desirable that the area be fenced with a fence, the height of which would be at least 2 meters.
    Subject to all these location rules, it is allowed to breed bees in the country.
  2. Ideally, the distance between the bee houses should be about 4-6 meters, and between the rows of evidence – 5-6 meters. In summer conditions, this is almost impossible, but try to place the hives as far as possible.
  3. A responsibility. Remember that since your apiary is in constant proximity to other residential areas, your bees can cause damage to someone else’s property or even health. The beekeeper will be responsible for this. Therefore, first of all, good breeds of insects are recommended for Honey Bee Breeding for example, Caucasian or Italian.
    Also, in order for the bees to behave most calmly, it is necessary to carry out procedures to prevent swarming, monitor their health and provide enough food.
  4. Give the bees a job. Assess how your site can provide insects with business, whether there are enough honey plants in the surrounding area. If not, be sure to plant them yourself. Such a trick will help increase the income of honey, as well as prevent swarming and aggression from the bees.

In terms of caring for and feeding bees, nothing changes, even if you breed insects in the country. In any area, the bees need the same careful and serious approach, approximately the same amount of food, etc.

Is It Profitable To Breed Honey Bees?

There is no single answer to this question because for someone working with striped insects is a real pleasure, but for someone it is real hard work that takes time and effort. But summarizing all the existing information about this business, we can highlight a number of its advantages:

  • Fast payback. If you properly take care of the bees, then already for the first season of honey collection, you can fully recoup your investment.
  • The constant presence of a beekeeper is not required. Bees do their work on their own, they do not need help in this. Sometimes the beekeeper only needs the timely removal of honey and the supply of feed.
  • But if you’re running bee raising as a business, then be prepared for a lot more work. In addition, only professional beekeepers can afford to “work a little”. It is best for a beginner beekeeper to visit his wards as often as possible, study them and control the process as much as possible.
  • Honey and other bee products are easily sold.
  • Natural delicacy will always be on your table!

As for the disadvantages, these are the initial investments, which can reach 100,000 rubles, and the possible danger from insects that can sting even through a protective suit. Finally, remember that the larger your apiary, the greater the responsibility you take on. Therefore, before opening such a business, sensibly assess your own capabilities and strengths and be sure to consult with familiar beekeepers about the nuances of this business.