Top 30 facts about bee life Everyone Must Know in 2022

Bees are one of the most amazing living creatures that live on our planet. Over the years of research, scientists have not been able to unravel all the secrets of these wisest insects and each new experience brings amazing discoveries. In this material, we have collected 30 entertaining facts about bees that only confirm the uniqueness of these little workers.

Facts About Bee Life

Table of Contents

Facts about bee life

Bees are important pollinators that provide an essential service to the environment. Here are some facts about bees and their role in the ecosystem.

25 thousand species

The first fact from facts about bee. There are about 25 thousand species of bees in the world and these are only the varieties described by entomologists. Most likely, there are even more bee breeds that have yet to be discovered.

bees live alone except honey bee

Representatives of most bee species live alone, and only honey bees organize entire colonies with a complex hierarchy, which we are used to seeing in apiaries.

Bees sleep

Bees sleep, and do it at any time of the day! Observations of insects have revealed some behaviors that have much in common with human drowsiness. During sleep, their wings lie on the body, and the antennae hang freely.

bees like meat

Bees eat not only pollen and nectar, but also meat! We are talking about the so-called “vulture bees” that live in the tropics. They get nutritious protein from the dead flesh of animals – monkeys, snakes, fish, lizards, birds, frogs.

bees can live in trees

Depending on the breed, bees can nest in hollows of living or dried trees, in rock crevices or in cracks in buildings. Some build dwellings on the surface of the earth and even on hummocks overgrown with grass.

bees are good for healthy enviroment

Bees are the most important indicators of the health of the environment. Frequent illnesses, mass deaths, and a gradual reduction in the number of bee colonies indicate an unfavorable environmental situation in the region.

bees have five eyes

Each bee is the owner of five eyes: three simple ones are located on the crown, and complex ones, consisting of a large number of facets, are located on the sides of the head.

color of bee

The color perception of bees is similar to human and is based on the recognition of three basic shades. Only instead of green, red and blue, insects build their perception on blue, yellow, and ultraviolet. Individuals do not recognize the red color, but they can determine it with the help of UV radiation emanating from flower petals.

most ancient bee

Bees as a separate species appeared about 130 million years ago along with the first flowering plants. The find of the Trigona prisca breed is considered the most ancient an individual found in amber lived about 74-94 million years ago.

Not all bees collect nectar

Not all bees living in a hive are engaged in collecting nectar. Collecting individuals make up only a small part of the colony they are several times smaller than intra-hive individuals, whose work is aimed at building combs, rearing offspring, and feeding the queen.

Queen bee is head

The queen bee the head of a large family can live up to 8 years. As soon as the queen bee begins to fall ill or lay few eggs, the workers prepare a replacement for her from among the young females.

bees are afraid of smoke

Before the honey extractor, when the beekeeper uses a smoker, one might get the impression that the bees are afraid of the smoke. In fact, they associate smoke with a forest fire and serve as a signal that they urgently need to leave their home.

Bee communicate through dance

In the bee family, communication is developed at the highest level, and individuals exchange information through dances. Most of the bee movements have already been studied by scientists, but some “pirouettes” remain unsolved.

Bees born in autumn live longer

Bees born in autumn live longer than their spring peers. This is due to the fact that the hard period of intensive summer work falls to the lot of spring offspring.

bees love smell of flowering plants

Of all the aromas, the most attractive to bees is the smell of flowering plants. The list of the most unpleasant includes the smells of onions, garlic, human sweat, alcohol, and also your own sting.

bees flight

In calm weather, the bee flies at a height of up to 12 meters above the ground, and during the wind, it rises no higher than 1 meter. The flight range is 2-3, less often 4 kilometers from the hive. The closer the family is to the bribe, the more nectar the gatherers will be able to bring.

Bees never die inside hive

Bees never die inside the hive feeling the approach of death, the insect leaves the home. The only exceptions are the winter months, when the bees do not fly out of the house. The dead bee is taken out by its relatives and left as far as possible from the hive to prevent the spread of infection from dead flesh.

queen bee never attacks person

Despite the presence of a sting, the queen bee never attacks a person and does not sting him. An individual can use its toxic weapon only once when it meets a rival because there cannot be two leaders in a bee family.

100g of honey

The production of natural honey is a long and laborious process. To get 100 g of treats, one bee must visit about 1 million flowers. In one day, a worker is able to fly around an area of ​​​​up to 12 hectares.

melittin substance in bee venom

In the composition of bee venom, biochemists discovered the substance melittin. It is an antimicrobial peptide that is harmful to pathogenic bacteria, cancer cells, and viruses that cause AIDS, hepatitis C, and B.

honey bee is third creature

The honey bee is the third creature, after mosquitoes and fruit flies, whose genome scientists have been able to decipher. Studies have shown that the insect has African genetic roots, and bee colonies spread to other continents in two waves about 300 thousand years ago.

bee recognize light with cells

Bees are endowed with a whole complex of sensitive cells that allow them to recognize light, shades, smells, tastes, cold, heat, humidity, carbon dioxide levels in the air, vibrations, textures, and magnetic fields.

bee flight speed

The flight speed of a bee is about 65 km / h without cargo and up to 30 km / h with a portion of nectar and pollen. In a second, the insect makes more than 200 flaps of its wings – this frequency is enough for a person to be able to hear the sound of an approaching insect.

bees scarce in summer

If the summer bribe turned out to be scarce, and there is not enough honey for wintering, the worker bees begin to starve and die so that the queen and the growing offspring get food.

how much weight can an bee carry?

A bee is able to lift a load that is 40 times its own weight. With a mass of a mature flying bee of 0.122 g, nectar weighing 84 mg can be found in its goiter.

how long does a bee sting last?

Observations show that bees sting least of all between 9 and 11, 15 and 17 hours but only if the weather is favorable and the atmospheric pressure is average.

when bee brood dies

When the temperature in the hive is above +38 °C, the bee brood dies, and when the air warms up to +40 °C, the entire colony dies. Therefore, the work of bees in the summer is aimed at maintaining the optimal air temperature in the hive – insects cool their house with intense flapping of their wings.

how do bees detect sweetness of nectar

To determine the sweetness of nectar, bees do not have to taste the mass. The insect determines the concentration of glucose with the help of antennae, on which the corresponding sensors are located.

Albino bees

Among bees, as among other animals, albinism is also common. Albino individuals are characterized by colorless, white or pink eyes – most often this genetic anomaly occurs in drones.

bees improve taste of fruits

The last fact form facts about bee. Flying from flower to flower, bees not only effectively pollinate plants, but also improve the taste properties of fruits. It was noticed that fruits obtained as a result of self-pollination of garden trees grew less juicy and sweet than after pollination by bees.