Black Bee: Types, Top 3 breeds, Habitat, Characteristics

The inhabitant of the Red Book is a black bee, which often does not reproduce honey, and also has a different color and body structure, unlike an ordinary individual. In the course of their life, they prefer to live in wooden cavities without forming wax hives.

Depending on the type, these exotic bees can show an aggressive nature when interacting with a person, or keep aloof and calm. Let’s take a closer look at their most popular breeds that can be found on the territory in different territories of the world.

Table of Contents

Types and breeds of black bees

There are more than 730 bee species of unusual black bees on the globe. Their grouping is carried out on a territorial basis:

  1. American – completely black, they are not aggressive, but annoying, because they can fly for a long time after the beekeeper.
  2. African – mountain dwellers; people are treated calmly and do not attack.
  3. German – susceptible to disease and irritable.
  4. European – often attack a potential source of danger.
  5. Sicilians have a ring-shaped yellow color. They are hardy and tolerate wintering well.
  6. Central Russians are very irritable and hardy. They can work even in cloudy and rainy weather.
  7. The Carpathians are calm. They come with a gray belly and have a tendency to steal from other nests. They reproduce very poorly.
  8. Caucasians are the most aggressive individuals that feed on nectar from a clover flower. Sometimes they ruin other people’s hives.

Distinctive features of some black bee representatives:

BreedWeight of the queen, mgProbosci’s length, mmFertility, thousand eggs
Central Russian2006>2,5
Caucasian20071,5
Carpathian2006,51,8
European2006,23,5

The volume of honey produced does not depend on the size of the individual, but on the breed of the insect.

There are three breeds of bees with a black or black-brown belly:

  • Public;
  • Honey-bearing;
  • Ordinary.

Consider the three most popular types of black bees.

black bumblebee

Correct name: bumblebee; protected by several nature reserves in the Russian Federation. In terms of its dimensions, the black bee has a larger body volume than an ordinary individual with yellow stripes and has pronounced purple wings.

black bumblebee

The size of a bumblebee is about 25 millimeters, the length of the proboscis is 6 mm. Almost all over the body, he has a hairline, which can be seen on the paws.

The formation of nests takes place inside dry trees and in various tree cavities and, in terms of the structure of the cells, resemble wax beehives. Purple bumblebees gnaw holes, which are then interconnected for better passability, and accumulate pollen and eggs in them for reproduction. Honey does not produce. Wintering takes place in-built nest labyrinths.

Habitat: Turkey, countries of Southern Europe, Caucasus.

Big black bee

A distinctive feature is its impressive dimensions. Compared to other representatives, a large black bee is about 3 – 3.5 centimeters long. Due to its impressive size, its jaws have great strength, so the bite can be painful. In rare cases, pain shock can serve as a consequence. Therefore, when this individual is found, the possibility of contact should be prevented.

Big black bee

Often, these bees do not have a tendency to aggression and do not attack people on their own.

The breeding season for large black bees is quite peculiar. Females and males soar to higher ground and track individuals of the opposite sex. After contact, they settle down at the nesting site. Eggs are laid in the depths of small cells, after which the remaining space is filled with nectar and sealed. Black and blue newly minted bees appear after one year.

Habitat: countries of Asia, Western and Central Europe; Russia; Mongolia.

black carpenter bee

Correct name: violet xylocopa.

black carpenter bee

This subspecies is called carpenters due to the choice of the nesting site. They prefer to nest inside wooden surfaces, gnawing their home with powerful jaws.

The size of this individual is quite large and reaches about three centimeters. The color is black with a blue tint. The entire surface of the body, including the limbs, is covered with hairs for convenient transportation of nectar.

Unlike other individuals, the blue bee is a solitary insect and forms a nest on its own. Her dwelling consists of many round holes connected by passages.

During the period of active reproduction, the bee mixes pollen with nectar and distributes the resulting mass over the cell area. She lays one egg on top and seals the remaining hole, leaving no passage. After the end of the mating season, the female controls the safety of the hive in the early stages, and then leaves it.

In the autumn the bees will start to hatch, and next spring they will be ready to fly out of the nest to start building their own, which is why this type is called a carpenter. Habitat: mainly in the territories of Russia and Ukraine.

black bee characteristic

The main feature of black bees, in addition to their impressive size, is their love for wooden cavities. At the same time, their nests can be found not only on a tree trunk but also on telegraph poles and in attics. If several individuals are found, it is advisable to look around and find out if there are hives nearby. It is important to remember that almost all breeds of black representatives are listed in the Red Book, so ruining their home is strictly prohibited!

Comparative table of black bee:

Representatives of black bee breedsRepresentatives of common species
Dimensions>3 мм<2.5 mm
IrritabilityAggression is shown in breeds with yellow rings on the abdomen.Aggressive
nesting siteHoles gnawed into woodBeehives formed by the whole family from wax
Tendency to ruin and stealAvailableAvailable

All ailments that occur since August, in black bumblebees, pass in different ways. The disease most often manifests itself on the seventh – tenth day after infection. Therefore, this bee, like an ordinary one, is susceptible to infectious effects, and the apiary of honey plants must be regularly checked for the presence of parasites.

Black bee sting

Due to powerful and developed jaws, all black breeds have a painful bite that can provoke a painful shock. At the moment of penetration of the sting, the victim experiences a burning prick, and then a slight numbness of the site of irritation.

If the bite was committed in the neck, you should immediately contact the emergency department. Small black bees, although not scary at first glance, can even be fatal. The fact is that after irritation, a severe swelling appears, which can block the victim’s airways, so emergency hospitalization is needed.

black bee Habitat

There are more than 20,000 species of hard-working bees all over the Earth. They are white, blue, gray, etc.

The habitat of black bees is located almost throughout the globe, excluding areas with a cold climate that does not have a summer season. black Bumblebees tolerate wintering well even at very low air temperatures, but they can carry out a full-fledged life process only in the warm period.

The habitat of these bees extends in all countries, excluding regions with an eternally cold climate.

It is interesting to know that some breeds of black individuals are subject to domestication and tolerate transportation well. Therefore, if desired, each beekeeper can acquire rare pets.

The black bee is a popular representative of a separate species of common bees. But over time, their numbers began to decline sharply, so they were registered as a rare endangered type. Honey plants are of great benefit – they continuously pollinate flowering plants and purify the air. Conservation of the current population is an international task that all people should help to solve.