Bee Swarming: Management, Reasons, Control | Complete Guide

Honey bees reproduce in two ways. The first way is to save your family. The second saves the whole view. In the first method, a separate individual is born. Genus is extended. In the second case, each family is divided almost 50% to 50%. One part stays at home, while the other flies away and looks for a new home. Every beginner beekeeper should know about honey bee swarms.

Bee Swarming

This is what bee swarming is inherited. Thanks to this, the view is preserved. The tendency to swarm depends on: breed, conditions of detention, heredity, and condition of the queen bee.

Table of Contents

Methods for bee swarming management

When the pre-swarming state of bees is just beginning, a honeycomb frame can help. The swarming will slow down. Otherwise, you need to take serious measures that give the bees the feeling that the swarm has already flown to a new place, and there is no reason for a new swarming.

During the season, the bees will naturally swarm. Properly catch and resettle new families with a young or old queen. It is possible to artificially shorten the swarming period by creating a cold environment in the hives.

Methods for bee swarming management

Bee Swarming: timing

Depending on the region, swarming can last 2-6 weeks. The bees breed and come out of the cells. For example, in places where buckwheat blooms, they will swarm in May or later – in June, when nectar and pollen are taken from clover or flowering fruit-bearing trees. The next swarming is only in August or September. If the bees are still collecting honey, and a new honey harvest has already begun, the swarming will continue. If the family is weak, it will not happen in the spring, but later. It has few bees.

bee swarming: a warning

  1. Watch carefully so that the hive is not crowded. If necessary, put the second floor.
  2. Always expand the nest. Residents must work actively build honeycombs.
  3. May there always be brood in the nest. This encourages the queen to continually lay eggs.
  4. When the bees do not collect nectar with pollen (out of season), they are fed.
  5. Protect your hives in the heat.

How does a swarm fly?

When the swarm divides in half, bees of different ages and some drones fly to a new home. The queen laid her eggs in special bowls and after 8 or 9 days the swarm will fly away. The swarm will wait out the cold, rainy weather. Then the newly hatched queens will also move in with the old one.

Swarms that fly out first are grafted tenaciously to a tree or bush. They can sit in a scion made by a beekeeper. Scout bees find a new place of residence and after a few hours, they call everyone to follow them.

After the first swarm has left, does the colony keep swarming?

Yes. The larvae remain. On the eighth day, the queen will hatch, on the ninth day, the rest. The queens emit special signals and so they understand that there are rivals here. On the second or third day, when the second swarm came out, the third one can fly away behind it, but the queen is barren there. The following swarms become smaller and smaller. When the swarming is over, the worker bees will quickly gnaw through the queen cell and kill the young queens.

Swarming Bees And Catching Swarms

If you have time to take the queen and put her in a cage near the swarm, the whole swarm will flock to her. When the bees are grafted on the branch and calm down, bring a swarm, hit the branch sharply, and the bees will fall there. The rest are transferred using a wooden spoon. 15 to 30 min. hang a swarm in that place and collect worker bees that flew. Then the swarm is hidden in a cool cellar or left in an apiary in a dark place. If the swarm is high on a branch, take a hooked pole, grab the branch, and flick it sharply into the attached bag.

If the bees are sitting on a tree trunk or a fence, do not shake them off. Spray everyone with water and collect with a mug or ladle. If they themselves go to the swarm, then the queen is already there. Bees in 15 or 20 min. will go there on their own. Take it away.

Bee Swarm Cage

A hoop 50 cm in diameter is called Swarm Cage. It is made from a strip of iron. It is attached to a three-meter pole. Sew securely on the bag and catch a swarm that is high. Shake out the bees gently, turning the bag inside out. Some use a pole (3.5 to 4.5 m long) with a fork on which a sack is attached.

Grafts, Traps And Baits For Bee Swarm

The graft is the place where the swarm is grafted. They make it, for example, from a slab board 30 by 45 cm. Rub the top with wax and mint, attach honeycombs below. A comb or brood frame is often inserted into the swarm to lure bees. When swarms are about to fly out, traps are fixed 1 or 2 m from the ground. Making a trap is easy. This is a plywood box for 5 or 6 frames. Wax and honeycombs are left there and covered with canvas impregnated with propolis. If they notice new bees grafted nearby, they catch everyone further.

How to prevent bees from swarming?

Let’s consider some ways. For example, effective ventilation. Apply when it is cold at night. In the evening, insulation is removed from the nest, with ceilings. They put a ventilation grate in there. open as wide as possible. Bees spend a lot of energy to maintain the necessary microclimate in their nest. After a couple of days, they will stop actively swarming and start working outside and inside the nest. 

Signs of bees swarming

What are the signs that the colony is ready to swarm? bees make bowls and lay their eggs there. Before swarming, there are fewer than 10 or more queen cells in the nest. Bees build honeycombs less, do not fly for nectar. Many drones appear. The queen lays fewer eggs, loses weight, and can fly. Bees that have no occupation gather at the arrival board.

How to avoid bee swarming?

Bees need more space in the hive. Expand it. Remove fistulous mother liquors with uterine bowls immediately. The effect will be short-lived, but do it once a week or 9 days. Form an artificially new layering. In other words, this is a newly formed bee colony. Select the frames in which the young brood is sealed. Those swarms that have already separated and flown away are reserve families. With their departure, the number of varroa mites in the hive will decrease. It happens that the beekeeper takes the queen from the new swarm.

Reasons For Bee Swarming

This is instinct. They multiply like that. Young bees temporarily do not take care of the queen cell. Active swarming will begin if the nest is too crowded, has poor ventilation, is cold, or is too hot, many young will breed with an old queen bee. This is because she begins to emit weak pheromones. There are many tinder bees growing in the hive. bees build little, including queen cells.

Reasons for Bee Swarming

How to stop Bee Swarming?

Load them with work. When all the frames that stood in the winter are full, replace them with new ones. If the family is engaged in whitening honeycombs, put foundation there. Between the frame with the brood and the stern. Previously, the beekeeper leaves dry land in the nest.

Have the bees taken over the hive? Put another store, make the nest wider. If your swarm overwintered in a Dodan nest that was full, quickly weaken it. Remove a couple of frames with brood. You can move them to a hive where there are few bees and not enough workers. Keep an eye on the workers to keep the larvae warm. Especially those where young queens grow.

Bee swarming: layering

What other ways are there to prevent natural swarming from happening without your participation? Do layering in the spring. As soon as the queens hatch, proceed. This procedure is carried out for well-wintered families that grow rapidly. Weaken neighboring swarms as well by taking sealed framed larvae from them. Queens from families that quickly and first swarm, experts do not recommend taking for layering. Otherwise, soon all your houses will quickly swarm.

Bee Swarming period

Everything depends on the weather. Swarming families are expected from mid-May and a maximum – until mid-June. bees readily swarm when it is sunny and warm. Especially firsties. Subsequent swarms can also fly out when there are clouds in the sky. But when it’s cold and it’s raining, the bees don’t move, and the beekeeper does the housework.

How To Deal With Bee Swarming?

When bees make queen cells in the nest, it means that swarming is coming soon. It is necessary to keep bees busy collecting nectar and bee pollen, building honeycombs in the hive. To do this, add frames, expand the place, making the second tier.

The beekeeper maintains the working condition of bees creates layering. From strong families, it takes away the sealed brood and puts it in weak families. The nurses take care of the offspring. Everyone is busy and there is no swarming.

Annually by 50%, and better by 100%, replace the breeding stock. During natural swarming, try to expand the nest. Frames with wax, put in the middle of the nest. When you make a trick, open the ventilation in the walls of the hives and on the lid. After all, the heat promotes swarming, as well as tightness. Take out the pillows that insulated the houses in winter and place them on the covers, creating a shadow. If you follow the recommendations, you will collect a lot of honey.

Artificial Swarming Honey Bees

The family of bees is divided. This is tribal activity. bees have a conditioned reflex, they return to the same place. This is used:

  1. They make withdrawals. They take queens that have overwintered in nucleuses. A new family with strong brood is growing rapidly and is excellent at collecting honey for the main brood .
  2. Divided in half. They take 50% of the nest with their brood from a strong family. In the same place, bee bread with honey and put everything in an empty or new hive. Frames with artificial honeycomb, dryness are also added here. Closed hives are placed on 2 sides (50 cm apart) at the place where the mother’s house was. The bees that fly will enter both hives approximately equally. Let the position of the notch be the same as in the old house. If more bees enter one house than another, move it a little and turn it around so that the notch changes position. The remaining bees will move to the second.
    It will take 2 or 3 hours and to the family that does not have a queen, plant the caught one in a cage. In the evening, put complementary foods for each family – syrup (regular sugar). Every day move the hives apart by 30 or 40 cm until you reach a distance between them of 4 or 5 m.
  3. “Plaque” of bees on the queen . When it’s sunny, take a queen and 2 or 3 brood frames into the new hive in a strong family. In the nest to the edges of the hive, place frames with foundation (artificial). Separate the brood from each other with 1 or 2 frames of sushi. Move the old house, and put the new one in that place.
    The bees that flew out will return there, to their queen and will live in a new house. The young will remain in the old. They will have another queen or a mature mother liquor. Give the young growth water until the flying bees are busy with work.
  4. Layers are made prefabricated. They take the young of several families, along with printed brood. Look carefully, the new queen should not be there right away. They put from 5 to 7 frames and plant the queen. The house is insulated and put in a convenient place. Monitor the development of the young and feed.

Fight Against Bee Swarming

Activities are being carried out to expand the nests by people. They put 2-3 empty frames or a couple of stores. Watch for bees. When they have no place, swarming will brew.

Honeycombs take new and high-quality. They will be light brown. Honeycombs serve 3 g. Then they narrow due to the feces produced by the larvae. If you want to start families that swarm a little and bring a lot of honey, cut one down a lot in the spring. Take queens there and plant them in new hives with worker bees. In one apiary, families swarm with different intensity. Get a breed that swarms a little, for example, the Caucasian mountain. Good and Carpathian, friendly to people.

What To Do After Swarming?

The swarm that will fly out will hang on a branch of a bush or tree from 2 min. up to 2 hours. Often he flies away only after 2 days. Roy is all set and calm? Move him to the swarm. Open the device, bring it to the swarm and shake the branch sharply. Remove wet bees from a tree trunk or fence, for example, with a mug. Where the swarm used to hang, attach a swarm. Working bees will flock there.

So that the swarms do not scatter, they put baits grafts on high poles. At the apiary – beehive traps. They have a couple of old attracting honeycombs. Then the queen will be implanted.