The type 10 frame bee hive was invented by the French beekeeper Charles Dadant. The inventor was engaged in breeding bees. I studied their behavior in various situations. The design of the 10 frame bee hive attracted most beekeepers due to the simplicity and lightness of the dimensions of the 10 frame hive. As a result, the collection of bee products increased with this amazing beekeeping tool.
Table of Contents
- 10 Frame Bee Hive Advantages
- 10 Frame Bee Hive Disadvantages
- Features of 10 Frame Bee Hive
- DIY dadant 10 Frame Bee Hive
10 Frame Bee Hive Advantages
The convenience of a dadant for 10 frames allows you to build a structure depending on the number of bees living in it. A ten-frame hive is recommended to be installed in a vertical position. The process of collecting bee products is greatly facilitated. Insect inspection is easy.
The minimum internal dimensions compared to standard construction allow you to save money on tools and materials. There are 2 types of internal dimensions that should be considered when building a structure: external and internal. The size of the outer hive dadant for 10 frames in width is 600 mm. The minimum height reaches 800 mm with an optimum weight of up to 35 kg.
The main advantages of the 10 frame hive dadant are:
- Modern design, easy to use.
- The presence of wide internal dimensions eliminates the swarming of bees.
- The collection of honey is increased to 50 kg from 1 dadant hive.
- Minimum dimensions and low weight.
- Maximum protection of insects from winds and frosts.
Instant access to the dadant frame makes it easier to collect honey. For convenience, it is recommended to install partitions yourself.
10 Frame Bee Hive Disadvantages
Most beekeepers have noticed significant drawbacks when keeping bees in 10 dadant frame hives:
- The minimum dimensions of the dadant hive for 10 frames lead to a decrease in the collection of products. As a result, beekeepers have to complete the construction of an additional building.
- Additional construction complicates the loading and unloading of hives when moving.
- The frames have small dimensions and make it difficult to collect honey.
Discomfort and inconvenience complicate the work of beekeepers.
Features of 10 Frame Bee Hive
Unique method allows you to keep bees in a convenient design. Innovative beekeeping technology allows for maximum honey collection with minimal nests and low financial costs. Dadant type nests expand in any direction. In large structures, there are additional sections. Basically, 2 dividing grids are installed in 10 frame hives in order to isolate the queen from the breeding nest.
The new method allows you to collect a colossal production of honey. It has simplicity and provides maximum collection of products in a short time, prepares bees for cold weather, frosts and spring development. Eliminates the development of infectious diseases.
The method clearly indicates the time for carrying out specific procedures for the bees. Important points must be observed in a certain sequence. Method 10 frame hive was tested. Dimensions 10 frame hive create comfortable conditions for the queen. She performs her work exclusively on 7 frames. The bottom, consisting of 10 frames, provides insects with simplicity and comfort.
In early spring, the nests expand in width. At the end of the spring period, dividing gratings are installed. Remove or use the queens from the 2nd body. Expand the nests in the upper part of the body during the collection of honey. Select products and prepare bees for winter. The beekeeping technique is allowed to be used in large-sized dadant hives. The result of success is the process of preparing the beekeeper for the season and the technology of beekeeping.
Favorable conditions for the bee family:
- Having unlimited offspring.
- The maximum number of cells for collecting nectar.
- Lack of interference from the beekeeper in the family nest.
Ideal conditions allow you to collect a huge amount of honey.
DIY dadant 10 Frame Bee Hive
Follow the step-by-step guide to DIY dadant 10 frame bee hive at home.
Materials and tools
To make a 10 frame hive, you will need natural wood. Bees in a wooden structure feel freedom and wildlife. Cedar, linden and aspen are ideal options for making the case. Aspen and linden buildings in winter require additional heating. The material is considered expensive and of high quality.
Plywood is a reliable and durable material. For manufacturing, you will need to cover the body with paint and maximum insulation from all sides. Plywood is not resistant to moisture and requires constant care. Expanded polystyrene is a modern material that is popular among beekeepers. It has a low cost and does not require additional costs in the winter.
To build a body with your own hands, you will need a tin sheet, wood, a hammer, nails, a grinding machine, a drill, a woodworking machine, and glue.
At the preparatory stages of work, the wood of a certain size is cut. Dimensions depend on intended blanks. Produce a thorough grinding and grind the edges under the lock.
For a solid assembly of the case, planks are glued on the inside, 2.5×1.2 cm in size. As a result, the bars will provide the case with additional heat.
10 frame bee hive dimensions and Drawing Plan
To build a 10 frame hive, a drawing is drawn up strictly according to a certain scheme. The material is selected according to the preferences of the beekeeper and carefully dried. Boards are prepared, 4 cm thick, which will be used to make the hull and bottom.
Planks are made in size 1.8 * 0.4 cm. Connect the boards firmly with PVA glue. You will need to connect 5 walls to each other, which will serve as the bottom of the 10 frame hive.
10 frame bee hive assembly instructions
The finished size of the dadant frame is 54 * 25 cm. The assembly is as follows:
- Wooden boards are cut according to the established measurements.
- Spend washed down for spikes.
- The side side is laid down and a wall is installed on top of it. For the strength of the case, all corners should be numbered.
- The frame is installed above the upper edge by 7.7 cm. Using a grinder, the inner surfaces of the walls are processed.
- Holes are made on the walls for hands. The front bar should contain a notch with a diameter of 2.5 cm.
To organize the roof 10 of the frame hive, slats are nailed to the side of the walls. The size of the material will be 8 * 20 mm. A tin is fixed in the upper part. Laths, 2 cm in size, are nailed to the shield. As a result, they will serve as a support for the roof.
For a 10 frame hive, it is recommended to use a double-sided bottom, consisting of 3 bars. The dimensions of the ceiling for a 10 frame hive are 44.5 * 52 cm. The slats are chosen in size 10 * 10 mm and connected to the frame. Ceiling boards are inserted into the base of the frame and fixed using the 4th rail. A hole is made in the center, 4 * 10 cm in size. After the work is done, the ceiling is connected to the hive.
Hive Tap holes and ventilation
Notches for 10 frame beehives are made for the entire width of the structure. The shape is chosen rectangular or oval, depending on the preferences of the beekeeper. The fly-hole is placed on the board for the purpose of convenience for the departure of insects. The width is 3.5 cm.
Holes are drilled on the side of the case, with a diameter of 1.5 cm. The holes are equipped with durable grating material. The ventilation system is installed reliable. Bees should receive the maximum amount of air.
The large-sized body 10 Frame Bee Hive with your own hands is almost ready. It should be installed in the frame structure with an interval of 3.7 cm. An important element is the arrival a board in the shape of a trapezoid. It is located behind the entrance with a slight slope for water flow.
The bottom is equipped with an optimal opening for the bees to fly out of the body. A convenient stand for the hive is made. It is made of natural wood in the form of a box. The dimensions must match the design parameters. Beekeepers prefer exactly 10 frame dadant, which allows creating comfortable conditions for beekeepers and bees. The effectiveness of the structures produced has been proven by beekeepers.